Magneto-Optical Study of Defect Induced Sharp Photoluminescence in LaAlO3 and SrTiO3

Strongly correlated electronic systems such as Transition Metal Oxides often possess various mid-gap states originating from intrinsic defects in these materials. In this paper, we investigate an extremely sharp Photoluminescence (PL) transition originating from such defect states in two widely used perovskites, LaAlO3 and SrTiO3. A detailed study of the PL as a function of temperature and magnetic field has been conducted to understand the behavior and origin of the transition involved. The temperature dependence of the PL peak position for SrTiO3 is observed to be opposite to that in LaAlO3. Our results reveal the presence of a spin/orbital character in these transitions which is evident from the splitting of these defect energy levels under a high magnetic field. These PL transitions have the potential for enabling non-contact thermal and field sensors.
Sci Rep. 2016; 6: 33145.Published online 2016 Sep 13. doi: 10.1038/srep33145