On the nature of wettability of van der Waals heterostructures

Meenakshi Annamalaia, Kalon Gopinadhan*a,b, Sang A Hanf,g, Surajit Sahaa,e, Hye Jeong Parkf, Eun Bi Chof, Brijesh Kumar#a, Sang-Woo Kim*f,g, T Venkatesan*a,b,c,d,e

Wetting behaviour of surfaces is believed to be affected by van der Waals (vdW) forces; however, there is no clear demonstration of this. With the isolation of two-dimensional vdW layered materials it is possible to test this hypothesis. In this paper, we report the wetting behaviour of vdW heterostructures which include, chemical vapor deposition (CVD) grown graphene, molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) and tungsten disulfide (WS2) on few layers of hexagon boron nitride (h-BN) and SiO2/Si. Our study clearly shows that while this class of two-dimensional materials are not wetting transparent, there seems to be a significant amount of influence on their wetting properties by the underlying substrate due to dominant vdW forces. Contact angle measurements indicate that graphene and graphene-like layered transitional metal dichalcogenides invariably have intrinsically dispersive surfaces with a dominating London-vdW force-mediated wettability. Electric field controlled wetting studies of MoS2/WS2/SiO2/Si heterostructures were performed and no notable changes to the water contact angle was seen with applied voltage although two orders of magnitude change in resistance was observed. We postulate that the highly dispersive nature of these surfaces arising from the predominant London-vdW forces could be the reason for such observation.
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Lexel Visible Ion-Gas Lasers 85 95

Lexel Visible Ion-Gas Lasers 85 95